No matter how carefully we examine a text, it seems there's always one more little blunder waiting to be discovered.But these 10 tips should help you see (or hear) your errors before anybody else does.

不論檢查文章是有多仔細,總是還有其他未檢查出的錯誤。這十條小技巧可以在別人發現之前幫助你發現錯誤。

1.Give it a rest.適當休息

If time allows, set your text aside for a few hours (or days) after you've finished composing, and then proofread it with fresh eyes. Rather than remember the perfect paper you meant to write, you're more likely to see what you've actually written.

如果時間允許,在你完成作品之后將其放置一段時間(幾個小時或者幾天),之后再對其進行校對。這時你更能實際地看自己寫的作品而不是沉浸在對自己作品的滿意之處。

2.Look for one type of problem at a time.每次只檢查一種類型的錯誤

Read through your text several times, concentrating first on sentence structures, then word choice, then spelling, and finally punctuation. As the saying goes, if you look for trouble, you're likely to find it.

通讀你的作品幾次,首先關注句子結構,之后時詞語選擇,接著檢查拼寫錯誤,最后檢查標點符號的使用。就像諺語所說,只要你查找錯誤,就很可能找到。

3.Double-check facts, figures, and proper names.著重檢查事實,數據和名稱

In addition to reviewing for correct spelling and usage, make sure that all the information in your text is accurate.

除了檢查正確的拼寫和用法,也需要確定文章中使用的信息是準確的。

4.Review a hard copy.檢查打印稿

Print out your text and review it line by line: rereading your work in a different format may help you catch errors that you previously missed.

打印出你的文章并逐行檢查,使用這種不同的形式來重讀你的作品可以幫助你檢查出之前漏掉的錯誤。

5.Read your text aloud.大聲地讀出你的文章

Or better yet, ask a friend or colleague to read it aloud. You may hear a problem that you haven't been able to see.

更好的選擇是請求一個朋友或同學將你的文章大聲地讀出來。你可能會發現一些你之前無法看出的問題。

6.Use a spellchecker.使用拼寫檢查器

The spellchecker can help you catch repeated words, reversed letters, and many other common errors.

拼寫檢查器可以幫助你查找出重復的詞語,顛倒的字母,和一些其他常見的錯誤。

7.Trust your dictionary. 依靠你的字典

Your spellchecker can tell you only if a word is a word, not if it's the right word. For instance, if you're not sure whether sand is in a desert or a dessert, visit the dictionary.

拼寫檢查器可以告訴你一個詞是不是拼寫正確,但不能判斷是否使用了正確的詞。比如,你確定不了沙子是在desert(沙漠)還是dessert(甜點)中,查閱詞典吧。

8.Read your text backward.倒序閱讀文章

Another way to catch spelling errors is to read backward, from right to left, starting with the last word in your text. Doing this will help you focus on individual words rather than sentences.

另外一種檢查拼寫的方法是倒序閱讀,從右到左,從文章最后一個單詞開始。這樣做可以使你的注意力轉移到每個單詞上而不是句子。

9.Create your own proofreading checklist.制作自己的校對檢查清單

Keep a list of the types of mistakes you commonly make, and then refer to that list each time you proofread.

制作一個列表標記常出現的錯誤,并且每次校對的時候參考這個清單。

10.Ask for help.尋求幫助

Invite someone else to proofread your text after you have reviewed it. A new set of eyes may immediately spot errors that you've overlooked.

在你檢查之后,邀請其他人幫助你再次檢查。他們可能會一眼看出你忽略掉的問題。

聲明:本雙語文章的中文翻譯系滬江英語原創內容,轉載請注明出處。中文翻譯僅代表譯者個人觀點,僅供參考。如有不妥之處,歡迎指正。