How Do Top Students Study?
真正的學霸是怎么學習的?

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獲得279.4k好評的回答 @Ben Leong:

Learn topics that you are taught as soon as they are introduced in class and learn them well in small?chunks.?
上課學到的知識要盡早深入學習,把它們分成小的模塊來學。

Do your problem sets?diligently?and put effort into understanding the material.?
勤奮地歸納問題集,努力讀懂材料。

Math requires practice if you want to solve questions consistently under exam conditions.?
如果你想要在數學考試中持續成功地解決問題,就要多多練習。

How much practice you need will depend on your level of maturity (in Math).?
做多少習題取決于你在數學這個科目上的熟練程度。

Do not count on last minute?cramming?right before exams to do well.
不要考試前的最后時間里靠死記硬背去取的好成績。

Cramming might work (i.e. get you decent grades in the exams) during the first two years when the material is relatively simple, but if you don't learn the basics well, you might end up having trouble with the more advanced material that will build on the basics.?
在前兩年題目比較簡單的時候死記硬背也許有用(比如在考試中取得不錯的成績),但是如果你不打好基礎,你可能會在遇到進階題的時候覺得困難重重——因為這些題都是建立在基礎知識上的。

It might be hard to catch up once you have a gap in your understanding in the early years.
一旦早期在理解方面落后,后期趕上去會非常困難。

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獲得100.4k好評的回答 @Rishabh Jain:

The 7 most important things that enable learning and top grades are:
讓你取得好成績的七個要點:

Listening carefully in class - no just furiously taking notes. Notes can be borrowed from friends, or you can refer to reference materials later. Listen in class!
在課堂上認真聽講-不要只是急著記筆記。筆記是可以向朋友借,或者你也可以借助參考資料。上課認真聽!

Ask questions in class - don't be afraid to ask questions. Genuinely engage the professor and participate in class. if you can't follow, others probably can't either.
在課堂上提問-不要害怕問問題。要和老師進行真誠的互動,積極參與課堂。如果你跟不上,其他人可能也跟不上。

Go to office hours - and engage the TA / Professor
利用老師辦公室答疑時間-跟助教或者老師互動

Sleep on time
準時睡覺

Exercise
練習

Find a good study group - ideally people who know things complementary to you, or with whom you work extremely well.
找個好的學習小組-最好是他們的觀點可以對你的有所補充,或者和那些和你合作得非常默契的人一起。

Stay calm before exams - don't cram, and definitely try not to stress out during exams. The best way to do well during an exam is to stay calm before and during the exam.
考前不緊張-不要死記硬背,不要在考試中壓力過大。應對考試最好的方式是在考試之前和考試過程中都保持鎮靜。

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(翻譯:Jessie)